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HOME > Public Statements and Opinion Papers > Opinion Papers > Grand Design of Criminal Justice Reform for Preventing Miscarriages of Justice (Enzai) 2020 Edition

Grand Design of Criminal Justice Reform for Preventing Miscarriages of Justice (Enzai) 2020 Edition

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→日本語版(Japanese)

November 17, 2020

Japan Federation of Bar Associations



The Japan Federation of Bar Associations (the "JFBA") has issued multiple opinions regarding reforms to the criminal justice system. In October 2018, the JFBA published the “Grand Design of Criminal Justice Reform for Preventing Miscarriages of Justice”, and released the 2020 edition in English in November, 2020. This seeks to highlight the issues of the Japanese criminal system which cause miscarriages of justice (enzai, えん罪) and violate the suspects’ and defendants’ rights to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.