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Declaration on Action for Human Rights 2009

November, 2009

About this Declaration

On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the Japan Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA), the JFBA wrote the Declaration on Action for Human Rights 2009.


After World War II, people all over the world, have been making various efforts to create a peaceful world with human dignity as the foundation for everything. Since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, many human rights norms were established. In Japan, the Constitution of Japan was enacted and efforts to protect human rights and respect rights of individuals have been expanded and deepened.

During this 60-year period, the JFBA also has been struggling to protect and strengthen human rights.


However, there are still many human rights problems to be solved. In addition, after the September 11 attacks against the U.S. and other conflicts, war has been spreading and surveillance is reinforced in society. These movements are casting dark shadows over freedom and human rights. Furthermore, the gap between the poor and the rich is widening as a result of deregulation and new human rights problems such as the increase of the working poor are emerging. Global warming and other global environmental problems are also becoming serious.


Under these circumstances, the JFBA has recognized the necessity to make a new declaration concerning human rights actions, which would direct our future activities.

In order to protect human rights, continuous efforts are required and we will further strive to protect human rights following the path shown by this declaration.


We hope this declaration will also provide direction for everyone’s activities to protect human rights and that we can work together to realize the objectives of this declaration.


Contents of the Declaration

  1. Gender Equality
  2. Rights of Elderly and Persons with Disabilities
  3. Prohibition of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities
  4. Rights of Children
  5. Rights of Consumers
  6. Rights of Workers
  7. Poverty and Human Rights
  8. Guarantee of Rights of Foreign Nationals, Refugees, and Ethnic Minorities
  9. Right to Medical Treatment
  10. Elimination of Pollution and Preservation of the Environment
  11. Criminal Procedures and Human Rights
  12. Tougher Sentences and Enhancement of Scope of Crimes to be Punished, and Human Rights
  13. Human Rights and the Death Penalty
  14. Human Rights of Criminal Detainees
  15. Human Rights of Criminals
  16. Human Rights of Crime Victims
  17. Elimination of Organized Crime Involvement in Civic Affairs
  18. Police and Human Rights
  19. Freedom of Thought and Creed
  20. Freedom of Expression
  21. Media and Human Rights
  22. Surveillance Society and Human Rights
  23. Protection of Personal Information
  24. Companies and Human Rights
  25. Administration and Human Rights/Rights of Tax Payers
  26. Local Autonomy
  27. Spread of Pacifism and Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
  28. Integration, Reduction, and Removal of U.S. Military Bases and Fundamental Review of Japan-US Status of Forces Agreement
  29. Human Rights of War Victims
  30. Issues on Constitutional Revision
  31. International Human Rights Safeguards
  32. Domestic Human Rights Safeguards


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