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HOME > News Release > The 57th JFBA Convention on the Protection of Human Rights Held in Hakodate City, Hokkaido on October 2nd and 3rd, 2014

News Release

News Release

The 57th JFBA Convention on the Protection of Human Rights Held in Hakodate City, Hokkaido on October 2nd and 3rd, 2014

The 57th JFBA Convention on the Protection of Human Rights (the “JFBA Convention”) was held in Hakodate City, Hokkaido on October 2nd and 3rd, 2014. With the participation of approximately 1,100 member lawyers, the “Declaration Regarding the Ideal Judicial Decision on the Lawsuits Brought Against Nuclear Power Plants, and Concerning Principles on the Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, and the Economic Reconstruction of Local Municipalities in the Areas which Accommodate Nuclear Power Plant Facilities,” and the “Declaration Calling for the Full Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” were both adopted at the JFBA Convention. Further, on the previous day of the JFBA Convention, in relation to the drafts of such Declarations, two symposiums were conducted under the themes of “Discussion on a Future Without any Radioactive Contamination in the Northern Lands of Hokkaido,” and “Seeking the Full Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - Live Together As You Are,” in which approximately 2,000 JFBA members and civilians participated. The next Convention will be held in Chiba City next year.

 

Declaration Regarding the Ideal Judicial Decision on the Lawsuits Brought Against Nuclear Power Plants, etc.

The following recommendations were made from the viewpoint of preventing human rights violations caused by nuclear power plant accidents:

1) Since the role of judicial review in the courts concerning the safety of nuclear power plants is extremely important, a framework of such judgments, which should prevent the occurrence of disasters caused by nuclear reactors, etc. under any circumstances, should be established in judicial judgments concerning litigations in which the suitability of the setups and operations of nuclear power plants are presented.
2) The Japanese government should improve the information disclosure system which is required for reviewing the safety of nuclear power plants.
3) The Japanese government and the power utilities should take measures regarding high-level radioactive waste, including spent nuclear fuel, namely the immediate abolition of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, such as nuclear fuel reprocessing plants.
4) Measures should be taken to bring about the economic reconstruction of local municipalities in the areas which accommodate nuclear power plant facilities.

 

Declaration Calling for the Full Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Following Japan’s ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (“the UN Convention”) on January 20, 2014, the JFBA recommended that the Japanese government should take the following measures to fully implement the UN Convention. In addition, the JFBA declared that it would do its utmost to realize a society in which people can live together as they are, regardless of whether they have disabilities:

1) Basic measures to prohibit and resolve discrimination by establishing provisions in the domestic laws which will concretely define the definition of discrimination in the same manner as that set forth in the UN Convention.
2) Measures to prohibit and resolve discrimination in individual areas such as labor, employment, and education.
3) Measures to ensure that persons with disabilities can live a life where their dignity is respected, by way of, for example, revising the Comprehensive Legal Support Act to enable persons with disabilities to receive tailor-made support according to their individual circumstances.
4) Establishing a system which secures the implementation of the UN Convention by way of, for example, ratifying the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention which enables individuals to appeal for relief to the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).

 

The JFBA Presented Six Special Reports

At the JFBA Convention, the JFBA presented six special reports, including “Formulating the ‘Declaration on Action for the Human Rights 2014’” and “Issues Regarding the Hakamada Case.”

 

With reference to “Concerning Issues on the Constitution,” the current situation, and responses and future activities of bar associations were reported, and Mr. Kyoji Yanagisawa (former Assistant Chief Cabinet Secretary) delivered a lecture entitled, “Problems Surrounding the Right to Collective Self-Defense and the Constitution of Japan.”